The Ecohome, prototype house of the future, at the Shanghai universal exhibition
Future typical house in China?
The Ecohome was designed to last and to act as a model for future real estate developments in China and even in other countries. It presents innovative technologies designed to reduce energy and resource consumptions, and technologies that will improve comfort in the future. The SRIBS called in the most innovative Chinese and foreign contractors to make this building into a reference for the future.
CSTB has been working with SRIBS for many years, and shared its scientific and technical expertise to evaluate the building's environmental performances. Cooperation applied to the evaluation of energy performance, quality of internal ventilation and the acoustic environment. The emphasis was also placed on the suitability of lighting to satisfy needs and the use of virtual reality in monitoring and control of building consumption.
Thus, CSTB organised several workshops with SRIBS and French contractors working on the project to present these pioneer aid methods to participants and give them an opportunity to start using them. French companies thus offered their most innovative products and systems in order to reduce energy consumption and improve the quality of indoor space. SRIBS chose five French companies to install their products in the Ecohome and maintain them throughout the exhibition.
More companies from France invested in this project than from any other country. Companies from other nations include Philips that is the largest sponsor with an investment of 1 M€. It supplied LED lighting, a 3D television that does not require special glasses, and a bed capable of measuring the blood pressure.
Nevertheless, Ecohome was not designed as a commercial site but rather as a place in which the visitor can experiment and make his own discoveries. Many surprises and much entertainment will punctuate the visit and many conferences will be organised during the six months of the exhibition. The Ecohome will be a place for learning and discovery until the end of the exhibition, and especially an example to be followed for construction in the future.
Input by French manufacturers?
Chinese eco-cities and sustainable buildings of the future
The CSTB project is mainly financed by a FASEP fund (fund for study and help to the private sector administered by the DGTPE from the French Economic Ministry).
It falls within the framework of the DUD agreement signed in 2007 between the MEEDDM and its Chinese equivalent, the MOHURD. It aims at creating synergies between innovative French firms, which have until now offered separate systems and products, in order to build sustainable buildings and cities. The CSTB (French Scientific and Technical Construction Center) brought its scientific and technical expertise to develop concepts and guidelines to build eco-cities and sustainable buildings, as a support of an integrated offer of systems and products. The project has been done in cooperation with the SRIBS, CSTB’s counterpart in Shanghai.
An urban design workshop took place in March 2009, with the participation of 80 international urban planners and engineers in partnership with Tongji University, l’Ecole des Mines de Paris and Cornell University, along with a dozen French firms. It led to innovative propositions for the development of one of the ecocities of the Chinese national program: Hulu Dao in the Liaoning.
CSTB's "Chinese Ecocities and Sustainable Buildings of the Future" project will be completed at the end of the year 2010 by a second town planning workshop (probably in the Shanghai region) and by the publication of a book on urban development at the scale of a district and entire town that will be complementary to the Sustainable Design Handbook China published in 2006 dealing with sustainable building. CSTB will be in China during the 2010 Universal Exhibition during the different conferences organized in the French pavilion, the City of Shanghai pavilion and the Rhône Alpes Region pavilion.