The SNI-EVE quotation: The Marking system for building Environmental Impact
Energy, water, health and rental charges
The same marking principle was used for the other three indicators. Thus, the measurement of VOC and formaldehyde emissions from the products used characterises the health quality of the construction. The estimate for charges takes account of energy and water expenses. "Concerning the energy aspect, we both consider quantitative aspects such as building consumption, and qualitative aspects, says Sophie Cuenot. These deal with emissions of greenhouse effect gases, sulphur dioxide, radioactive waste generated by electricity consumption, etc. Environmental impacts of construction products are also taken into account. We consider data contained in the environmental and health declaration sheets (FDES) in the INIES (Informations sur l’impact environnemental et sanitaire – Information about Environmental and Health impact) base to include "total embodied" energy and other environmental impacts related to the manufacture of construction products."
Two first environmental marking tests took place, one on a project at the DCE (contractor call for bid file) stage in Grenoble (Isère department), and the other on an operation in the APS (preliminary design phase) in Besançon (Doubs department). Already, the SNI has asked CSTB to adapt the indicators produced for new real estate programs so as to apply them to renovations of existing housing. Eventually, this type of service could be adopted for any type of building, knowing that operators are capable of modifying each indicator to match their own criteria. This offers genuine "environmental" help to managers of housing estates, owners and project managers for the design of their structures.